3D Print Problems

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General

Checklist

Some of the problems described here can be avoided by observing the 3D Print Checklist

Print Aborted

Running out of filament

The amount of initial filiament shipped with my Geeetech_A10 was simply not enough to finish the print job: Dog Abouted2 IMG 2762.JPG

Rebooting computer while USB is connected

When installing a new USB driver the computer rebooted - it's probably the same if you unplug and plug the USB cable while printing from SD card:

Dog Aborted1 IMG 2761.JPG

Underextrusion

See e.g.

in my case it happened when I set the Filament settings in the marlin menu with "E in mm3" to 1.75. This was a misunderstanding that lead the software to assume my filament was flowing faster than it was. After switching the volumentric value off things were much better. The same will happen if you use the default Material/filament size in Cura which might be wrongly set to 2.85 mm instead of 1.75 mm for the filament you might be using.

Dog2019-02-19Ok.png Dog2019-02-19Underextruded.png

The 3D_Print_Testbox print clearly shows the difference:

TestBoxIMG 2779.JPGTestBoxIMG 2780.JPG

Clogged Nozzle

See e.g.

Leaking Hotend

See e.g.

NozzleIssueIMG 3113.JPG

This happens e.g. if you change the nozzle and don't tighten the new nozzle enough so that filament can spill thru the gap.

Print stuck to glass / print bed

I had best results with the temperature method in combination with taping the bed before printing. With a minus 17 degree cooling pad from the deep fridge below the glas bed and a gentle stroke with the rubber hammer the problem usually went away within a minute.

Stringing

see e.g.

Owls Stringing IMG 2777.JPG

Slight stringing can simply be sanded off:

Owls Sanded IMG 2781.JPG

Shifting layers / Layer shifting

Camgrab 2019-02-23 081439.jpg Pic 2019-02-23 184121.jpg Layer Shifting IMG 2821.JPG

Potential fix

For a Geeetech A10 slow down the Y-movement changes

Control / Motion / Jerk / Vy-Jerk and specify 10 in place of 20

and store settings ...

Changing filament

Broken Filament Detector

Broken Filament Detector

Changing Teflon tube

Pillowing

Bed Leveling

Geeetech A10 Bed Leveling

Initial bed leveling

Get a piece of 80g/m² paper ready.

  1. The glass plate should be will fixed with fold back clips. Especially the left rear corner might need two clips. Foldback the bottom clip and remove the top one for the clips pointing to the left. Make sue the clips are far enough away from the position where the extruder will be in the corner test below.
  2. Auto Home from the Marlin menu: Prepare/Auto homeAutoHome.jpg
  3. Preheat your Extruder: Prepare/Preheat PLA/Preheat PLA (or only Preheat PLA End -if you don't want a warm bed while working)
  4. You might want to loosen all four bed leveling screws until you feel no more resistance - do not turn much further or the screws will come completly off. Bedscrew2019-02-25.jpg Looking from the top you turn the screws clockwise. Your hands have to move counter-clockwise since the screws are below the plate. This will bring the print bed as high as it gets. The springs below the bed are fully extended.Pic 2019-02-25 181438.jpeg The extruder nozzle is below the plate and the metal case of the extruder is just touching the bed.
  5. Tighten all four screws by the same number of turns (I have marked my screws with white spots to ease this process) until the alignment of the extruder looks visually ok. It should be just above the print bed. The tightened screws will bring the print bed down a bit again and if all is well it should be level already. You'll have to try out what a suitable amount of full turns is and you can remember it for future levellings. I am currently experimenting with 8 to 10 turns.Pic 2019-02-25 182430.jpg
  6. Start the leveling procedure from the Marlin menu: Prepare/Level corners. Make sure the paper is squeezed by the extruder in the corresponding corner. The difference between "squeezed" and "loose" should be only some 1/8 of a turn of the screw. In the first "round" - 4 x time "next corner" NextCorner.jpg tighten the screws until you feel some resistance from the screws. Don't worry about the amount of resistance of the paper on top yet - it should just be in that 1/8 range between loose and tight.
  7. Now do more 4 x time "next corner" steps until the result is satisfactory. The resistance on the paper is decreased by turning the screws counter-clockwise (moving your hand clockwise). The paper should just not move freely - a little bit of "rest-resistance" should be feelable.

Testing with some gcode

Ender 3 Level Test

Pic 2019-02-23 221747.jpg

The front left corner ist not o.k.

see 3D Print Bed Leveling

Support

https://pinshape.com/blog/dotm-fantasy-graph-3d-printer-support-structures/

Speed

Speed, Quality, Strength, Cost - pick any two ...

Support break down

Test Cube

See 3D Print Testbox

Extruder Calibration